The project had four deliverables:

  • D1.1: Power sector modeling improvements in the WITCH model
  • D1.2: Interactions and joint applications between the WITCH and the SWITCH models
  • D2.1: Future prospects of renewables, CCS, and nuclear in the European Union and beyond
  • D3.1: Energy and climate scenarios in the global policy perspective



Six papers were extracted from the deliverables. Some of them are being further developed for publication on peer-reviewed journals and/or on the FEEM Working Papers series. The papers are the following:

  • Carrara, S., Marni, M., Prato, S., and Tavoni, M. Modeling system integration of variable renewable energies in the WITCH model: the role of grid and storage in future decarbonization (WP1)
  • Carrara, S., Bevione, M., de Boer, H.S., Gernaat, D., Mima, S., Pietzcker, R.C., and Tavoni M. Exploring pathways of solar PV learning-by-doing in Integrated Assessment Models (WP2)
  • Carrara, S., Assessing the techno-economic effects of the delayed deployment of CCS power plants (WP2) – FEEM Working Paper
  • Carrara, S., Reactor ageing and phase-out policies: global and regional prospects for nuclear power generation (WP2) – Article link (also available in draft form as FEEM Working Paper)
  • Carrara, S., Sharing the burden: the change in mitigation costs with different levels of participation in global climate actions (WP3)
  • Carrara, S., Zucca, A., and Alloisio, I. Energy futures and climate change mitigation: a qualitative and quantitative assessment in the Sustainable Development Goals perspective (WP3)

The CCS paper was also presented at the 38th International Energy Workshop, held in Paris on June 3-5, 2019 (i.e. after the official end of the project): you can find the relevant presentation here.



Two more papers from the EU-FP7 PATHWAYS project, co-authored by the Fellow, were finalized during the MERCURY project (hence they report the relevant acknowledgment) and appeared in a dedicated special issue on Technological Forecasting and Social Change, titled “Understanding transition pathways. Insights from bridging modelling and transition-science based studies”. The two papers are the following:

  • van Sluisveld, M.A.E., Hof, A.F., van Vuuren, D.P., Carrara, S., Geels, F., Nilsson, M., Rogge, K., and Turnheim B. (2020). Aligning Integrated Assessment Modelling with Socio-Technical Transition insights: an application to low-carbon energy scenario analysis in Europe, Vol. 151, 119177 – Article link
  • Hof, A.F., Carrara, S., De Cian, E., Oehler, P., Pfluger, B., van Sluisveld, M.A.E., and van Vuuren, D.P. (2019). From global to national scenarios: bridging different models to explore power generation decarbonisation based on insights from sociotechnical transition case studies, Vol. 151, 119882 – Article link